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Climate-induced migration is an increasingly prominent global issue, but it is more complex than the conventional picture of ‘environmental refugees’ suggests. Climate and migration's nexus entails various concerns for both climate-induced migrants and non-migrants. This article summarises the complexities surrounding climate-induced migration, outlining the variables that influence why people choose or decline migration as an adaptation strategy. It identifies the main challenges and gaps that current environmental migration trends and their management present, offering examples of improving practices in response to climate-induced movement. It concludes that migration and non-migration in response to climate change should be facilitated based on consideration of needs and aspirations rooted in local contexts, opining that non-migration should be prioritised where possible for the welfare of affected peoples.